The McKinney-Vento Homeless Education Assistance Act
[To view the law, click here]
The McKinney-Vento Education Assistance Act is a federal law that provides services to families and unaccompanied youth that live in a temporary situation due to loss of housing.
Eligibility for services:
- In a shelter (emergency, domestic violence, runaway) or a shelter sponsored transitional housing.
- Living in a home with a friend/relative due to loss of housing, economic hardship, or similar reason (examples; doubled-up, eviction, foreclosure, unemployment, fire, domestic violence, utilities disconnected etc.)
- Unaccompanied youth living with friend or relative temporarily (examples; no longer living with legal guardian as a choice or were asked to leave)
- Safety Plan with Child Protective Services
- Living in a car, RV, street, parks, campsite, substandard home – no utilities or hazardous home condition.
- Moving from place to place.
- Living in motels, hotels, trailer parks, cars, substandard housing, abandoned buildings, and/or campgrounds.
- Being a migratory child who is living in any of the above circumstance
School districts should:
- Enroll children and youth who meet the McKinney-Vento Homeless Education Act’s definition.
- Maintain records to facilitate a child or youth’s entrance to a new school.
- Coordinate with social service agencies that serve children and youth in homeless situations.
- Provide information to increase the awareness and sensitivity of school personnel to the education needs of children and youth in homeless situations.
- Identify preschool education as part of the appropriate public education to which homeless children have access.
- Appoint a homeless education liaison whose duties are to:
- Ensure that families, children, and youth in homeless situations are informed about programs and services for which they are eligible, including transportation
- Mediate enrollment;
- Ensure parents have meaningful opportunities to participate in their children’s education; and disseminate notice of the educational rights of children and youth in homeless situations.
Parent and Student Educational Rights:
- Immediate enrollment
- Removal of barriers to school enrollment
- School selection
- Transportation assistance
- Immediate eligibility for free child nutrition